Thứ Ba, 18 tháng 6, 2019

EDUCATION IN CANADA

EDUCATION IN CANADA 

Canada, like the United States, does not have a national educational system. Instead, each province and territory organizes and regulates its own system of education. The national government controls schools for Indians, Inuit, and children of Canadian military personnel overseas. 
Public education is free throughout Canada. Most private schools charge tuition fees. Children are required to attend school for 10 years in most provinces. Most communities offer education to students from kindergarten through 12th grade. Students who plan to seek employment after completing their required education can take a two-year vocational course during high school. Students who plan to continue their education take a four - or five year general or vocational course. 
Canada has dozens of degree-granting institutions that are members of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Other institutions of higher learning include technical institutes and community colleges. In Canada, a community college combines the last one or two years of high school and the first one or two years of college. 
Each Canadian province has a department of education headed by a minister of education. The department sets educational policies and standards for the entire province. But local authorities also have considerable control over their schools. Each province is divided into local school districts, each of which has a school board and a superintendent. 
Canada's provincial governments share the cost of education with local school districts. In six provinces-Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Saskatchewan-public funds are used to support religious schools. The other provinces provide little or no aid for religious schools. Many Roman Catholic schools, especially in Quebec, teach in French. Most Protestant and nonreligious schools in Canada teach in English. 

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